Search this Site    --   FSM-A Home Page

FSM-A \ Free Speech Movement Archives FSM-A






June During Republican National Convention, according to San Francisco Chronicle, 4 Dec. 1964, charges are made by Goldwater supporters that Scranton supporters are illegally recruiting student volunteers on campus.
4 Sept Picketing of Oakland Tribune by Ad Hoc Committee to End Discrimination, which recruits support on Berkeley campus
14 Sept Dean Towle bans posters, easels and tables at Bancroft-Telegraph gate of Berkeley campus "because of interference with flow of traffic" and "reminded" student groups of "rules prohibiting the collection of funds and the use of University facilities for the planning and implementing of off-campus political and social action." Previously, University officials had "considered no action (to enforce these rules) to be necessary." (Quotes from Chancellor Strong's Report of 26 Oct. 1964 to Academic Senate.)

San Francisco Chronicle of 4 Dec. said that although Chancellor Strong called these rules "historic policy,' "the fact was, however, that it was a policy frequently winked at by university officials--until the convention controversy." (See June entry)

17-18 Sept. Some 20 organizations of students announce coalition as United Front in opposition to this reiteration of "historic policy' -- including Slate, Campus CORE, University Society of Individualists, DuBois Club, Young People's Socialist League, University Young Republicans, University Young Democrats, Young Socialist Alliance, Campus Women for Peace, Youth for Goldwater, Student Committee for Travel to Cuba, Student Committee for "No on Proposition 14," University Friends of SNCC, Students for a Democratic Society, College Young Republicans, Students for Independent Political Action, Youth Committee Against Proposition 14, and Independent Socialist Club (as listed in Chancellor Strong's report to the Berkeley Division of the Academic Senate, dated 26 Oct. 1964). The Inter-Faith Council and the California Council of Republicans were also included.
21 Sept.   In response to United Front protest Dean Towle decides rules permit informational activity but not advocacy or organization of political and social action; to protest this policy the United Front holds first rally on steps of Sproul Hall (Berkeley campus administration building).
28 Sept. Chancellor Strong interprets rules as allowing distribution of campaign literature and similar materials at designated locations. Dean Williams announces that those engaging in "illegal politics" may be expelled. Several United Front organizations make test-issue of rules by manning tables to organize political and social action.
30 Sept. University begins disciplinary action against five students for manning illegal tables; 400 students sign statements that they too have manned illegal tables, enter Sproul Hall demanding disciplinary hearings, sit-in awaiting hearing; 11:45, five students and 3 more thought leaders of demonstration are "indefinitely suspended"; sit-in continues to 3:00 a. m.
1 Oct. Protest rally and manning of tables on Sproul steps. Arrest of Jack Weinberg, a former graduate student in Mathematics, for operating a CORE table on Sproul steps; crowd of protestors, growing to 3000, blocks police car carrying Weinberg away. Protestors enter Sproul Hall, sit-in to demand discussion of eight suspensions; clash briefly with police in effort to block early locking of Sproul Hall doors; protesters subsequently leave ,voluntarily.
2 Oct. Some 450 police assemble on campus to undertake removal of police car and Weinberg, still immobilized by seated crowd; University officials, including President Kerr, members of faculty and student leaders meet, agree to discuss differences. Police leave; demonstrators disperse. Weinberg booked, but released as University, in accordance with agreement, does not press charges
3-4 Oct. Emergence of Free Speech Movement (FSM) out of United Front.
5 Oct. Appointment by the Chancellor pursuant to 2 Oct. agreement of ten members of committee of administration, faculty and students to investigate and propose solutions of campus political problems; FSM to send two delegates to committee. FSM protests composition of committee and gains agreement to four-man FSM delegation
13 Oct. Academic Senate passes motion favoring "maximum freedom for student political activity"; calls for inquiry into, and recommendations on, problems by Academic Freedom Committee.
15 Oct  President Kerr asks Academic Senate to establish ad hoc committee to advise on disciplining of the eight suspended students (Heyman Committee)
21 Oct. Heyman Committee requests of Chancellor temporary reinstatement of suspended students pending hearing and report. Request denied.
5 Nov. FSM, impatient with committee, resumes picketing of Sproul Hall.
9 Nov.  FSM rally on Sproul steps attracts 1200. Tables again set up by FSM groups, ending six-week self-imposed moratorium. University officials take names of some students manning tables; 800 students sign statements declaring that they too have manned tables.
10 Nov. Chancellor Strong dissolves administration-faculty-student committee because FSM has resumed setting up tables
12 Nov. Heyman Committee recommends censure of six students, suspension of Savio and Art Goldberg for six weeks beginning 30 Sept. 1964.
20 Nov. Regents accept recommendation by President Kerr and Chancellor Strong for suspension of the eight students for the period 30 Sept.-20 Nov., and for the placing on probation of Savio and Goldberg. Regents also agree to modify policy on political activity: recruiting, fund collecting, organization of "lawful off-campus" action may take place in designated areas -- students advocating unlawful action will be subject to University discipline. Rally of 4000 on Sproul steps and march to University Hall where Regents are meeting
22 Nov.  FSM sit-in of three hours in Sproul Hall over issue of University discipline for off-campus activities.
24 Nov. Chancellor issues new rules framed in accordance with lines established by Regents in 20 Nov. meeting: "certain campus facilities ... may be used ... for planning, implementing, raising funds or recruiting participants for lawful off-campus action, not for unlawful off-campus action." Academic Senate defeats 274 to 261, a motion to limit University regulation of speech, political and social activity only to the extent "necessary to prevent undue interference with other University affairs." A motion to establish a Senate committee to deal with questions of student political conduct is also defeated.
25 Nov. Letters of reprimand sent by University to some 60 students who had manned illegal tables on 9 Nov.
30 Nov. FSM announces its leaders, Savio, Art Goldberg, Jackie Goldberg and Brian Turner, face disciplinary action.
1 Dec. FSM demands University drop charges, asserting only courts have right to regulate political activity, including campus political activity; demand University meet conditions in 24 hours or face demonstration.
2 Dec. University ignores ultimatum. FSM rally attracts 6000; 1000 engage in sitin in Sproul Hall; over 800 remain for the night.
3 Dec. Governor Brown sends police to clear out or arrest demonstrators; Chancellor Strong urges students to leave Sproul; students remain: police begin arrest and removal of students. Graduate students in large numbers begin picketing of University buildings in protest of police action. Faculty members spontaneously arrange meeting to consider crisis, pass resolutions calling for dropping of pending disciplinary action against students, for the establishment of an Academic Senate committee to which students could appeal penalties imposed for political activity, and for the Regents to change their policy of 20 Nov. so that student off-campus political activities shall not be subject to University discipline. Faculty members raise $8500 bail for students; many meet with Judge Crittenden in effort to help in setting and posting bail, then in returning students from prison farm.
5 Dec.  ASUC Senate (the student government) urges leniency for arrested students, dropping of charges against four FSM leaders, and test case of University regulations.
6 Dec. Meeting of 200 faculty members to consider implementation of resolutions made in impromptu faculty meeting of 3 Dec., and to begin drafting of motions to place before Berkeley Academic Senate.
7 Dec. Release of agreement between department chairmen and President Kerr on amnesty and modification of regulations concerning student political activity. Departmental meetings at 9 a.m. to discuss agreement. 11 a.m. convocation in Greek Theatre: announcement of agreement; speeches by Professor Scalapino and President Kerr; meeting adjourned, attempted announcement by Savio, who is removed by police, but then released and permitted to make announcement. FSM states agreement inadequate; looks to faculty action in Academic Senate. Graduate student picketing suspended until after Senate meeting.
8 Dec. Meeting of Academic Senate; passage by vote of 824 to 115 of motion of Committee on Academic Freedom saying that control of student speech and advocacy in politics must "be rendered unto Caesar" since the function of the University is education, not control; and that a Senate committee should only regulate the time, place, and manner of student political activity as was the case until 1938. Passage of second motion to establish Senate Emergency Committee to help with problems arising out of crisis. FSM adherents sweep seven ASUC Senate seats as unprecedented 5276 students vote. FSM states full support for faculty position.
Prepared by: John Masson Smiths Jr.; Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History
Richard Bridgman, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English, University of California, Berkeley

Back to Chronologies of the Conflict  List



























































3 Dec.       







5 Dec.      

6 Dec.       




8 Dec.       



Search this Site    --   FSM-A Home Page